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비구조화된 면담에 의한 예술형과 관습형 직업인의 진로발달 분석
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  • 비구조화된 면담에 의한 예술형과 관습형 직업인의 진로발달 분석
  • Career Development of Adults with the Artistic and Conventional Occupations
저자명
정봉희
간행물명
동서정신과학KCI후보
권/호정보
2005년|8권 1호(통권12호)|pp.91-111 (21 pages)
발행정보
한국동서정신과학회|한국
파일정보
정기간행물|KOR|
PDF텍스트(0.59MB)
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서지반출

국문초록

본 연구는 예술형과 관습형 직업인의 진로발달 과정을 규명하고 진로발달 과정상의 차이점과 공통점을 고찰하는 데 그 목적을 둔다. 이에 따라 Holland의 직업적 성격유형 중에서 예술형과 관습형에 해당하는 직업인 총 16명을 선정한 후, Super의 생애 진로발달 이론의 개인적․환경적 요인을 내용분석의 준거로 삼아 아동기, 청년기, 성년기의 진로발달에 관하여 비구조화된 면담을 실시하였다. 그리고 문자화된 면담 내용을 Colaizzi의 질적분석의 단계에 따라 분석하였다. 그 결과, 예술형 직업인은 창의력을 필요로 하는 창작활동을 선호하고 자신의 내면을 표현하고자 하는 개방적인 신념과 독립적인 성격을 지닌 반면, 관습형 직업인은 분명하고 체계적인 일을 선호하여 조직 내에서 안정적인 생활하기를 선호하고 절제된 생활방식을 바탕으로 계획적인 사무활동에 뛰어난 능력을 지닌 것으로 나타났다. 한편 예술형과 관습형 직업인은 개인과 환경간의 상호작용 속에서 자신의 진로발달 과정과 성격특징을 만들어 나갔으며, 나이가 듦에 따라 개인과 직업간의 통합정도가 높아져 안정적인 직업경력을 갖추어 가는 공통점을 보였다.

영문초록

The purpose of this study was to analyze the career development of adults with the artistic and conventional occupations. As a way of obtaining informations on adults with the artistic and conventional occupations, semi-constructed interviews were used. The Holland\'s typology and the Super\'s life-span development theory were used as a basis for formulating research question and for analyzing data. Findings were presented according to Super\'s career development variables. The results of the study were as follows: (1) Adults with the artistic occupations were grown up in an atmosphere of freedom and could express their own sensitivities and originalities. And they entered upon studies with excellent results in art. The upholding of their family was major support in developing the artistic talents. They satisfied their own creativities fully, and became professional artists. They recognized the job as what they want to do, and worthy of create a work of art. (2) Adults with the conventional occupations were reared in dilligent and stern family. So they consider endurance more important than their desire. They had a strong sense of responsibility and were good to put in order or conform to the custom. Having a stable job and giving a help hand to family were the aim of life. Gradually they were interest of the clerical staff. They regard the job as what they have to do, and worthy of compose a life. (3) Adults with the artistic occupations developed the career on intuitional way. They were positive as to the confidence of their faculty in art, so choose the occupation in childhood. The achievement experiences influenced a positive effect upon to have an artistic occupation. So they expanded their abilities and interests. They considered that a job is what they want to do and the most important value is expression and freedom. But adults with the conventional occupations developed the career on dependent way. Due to discretion, it took long time to chose the occupation. They were definitely superior to the others in setting to right. They moderated in giving full play to their genius, so became accustomed to restrict their possibility. The failure experiences affects upon to choose the conventional occupation. They considered that a job is what they have to do and the most important value is endurance, responsibility, stability, and sincerity. And on the other hand, adults with the artistic and conventional occupation were common to these. First, they expanded their the scope of activities to family - school - society according to the three period ; childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Second, their career type was formed among environmental and individual variables constantly. Third, they led career through their own career type. Forth, increasingly they could prospect their whole life and get career identity. Key Words : semi-constructed interviews, artistic, conventional, career development, qualitative analysis

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