The present study pursued an integrative understanding of problem gambling, by investigating various related psychological and social factors simultaneously through a large-scale survey. In the concrete, a field survey that included a problem gambling index(CPGI) and participants' gamble-related personalities, motives, cognition/belief, social relation, leisure, and life satisfaction was conducted on 1,146 visitors of Kangwon Land Casino. According to the results, the higher inclination to problem gambling was correlated with the personality of risk taking and dysfunctional impulse. Problem gamblers were relatively more driven by monetary motives, whereas non-problem gamblers's primary motive was to enjoy. Speaking of cognition and belief, problem gamblers also had a strong belief in unfairness of gambling. Interestingly, the problem gamblers's decision in gambling behaviors were found to be influenced by close others and at the same time they reported the relatively weaker social connection network. A regression analysis revealed that the monetary motive had the strongest impacts on problem gambling and it was followed by an inclination to risk taking, the motive for avoidance, and social network. Lastly, it was found that the problem gambling was negatively correlated with the satisfaction in leisure time and life. The implications of the present findings were discussed in terms of the preventive actions and treatment of gamble-related problems in future.
Key Words : problem gambling, personality, motivation, cognition, social relationship, leisure satisfaction, life satisfaction