This study examined the effects of types of advance organizer and working memory on English listening comprehension. The subjects were one hundred twenty three 2nd grade students of girls' high school in G city. Three different types of advance organizer were given to the participants: picture, words and phrases, and concept map. At the first treatment, the subjects were given the listening text of verbal information, and then they were given another listening text of rules. The results from the experiment were as follows: First, there was a significant difference in listening performance among advance organizer groups. The performance of the picture and the concept map groups was higher than that of the word and phrases group. Second, there were significant differences in listening comprehension according to levels of students' working memory when they listened the verbal information, while there were no significant difference in performance when they listened the text of rules. Third, when given the text of verbal information, there were no interaction effects of advance organizers and working memory levels on listening comprehension.